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The learner's section explains the K53 Defensive Driving principles, road signs INCLUDES THE LATEST INFORMATION Learners Licence: Rules of the Road .. certificate (licence disc) that is valid for 12 months from the date of issue. .. (Print) ISBN (PDF) PLEASE NOTE: The . Section 1: Rules of the Road. 1 INTRODUCTION . .. 1. 2 ACRONYMS AND DEFINITIONS. The Safeways K53 Learners and Drivers Manual has been designed with you in mind. It's so easy to use. Each section, from road traffic signs to rules of the road.

K53 Latest Edition Pdf

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Download the k53 rules of the road and road signs with MIZ Driving School for free. A Cape Town driving school that services the southern suburbs. Download K53 Questions & Answers (SA) Apk wildlifeprotection.infoap.k53questions free- all latest and older versions( ). Everything you need to know about the learners test (traffic theory). Download/ View. Follow up. Practice your learners test, Cars. Practice your learners test.

Which control does a vehicle with automatic transmission not have? Which control is used to stop the vehicle? Which controls are used to make a sharp turn to the left or right? The driving test measures a drivers proficiency regarding: the handling of a vehicle; obedience to traffic rules, road signs, traffic signals and surface markings; correct application of the K53 defensive driving system through all aspects of the test; and coping with traffic problems in practical driving situations.

You may not do the driving test in a light motor vehicle that is less than 3 m in length.

During the test, smoking and the use of cellular phones are not allowed. What the tests covers The tests consist of the following: Light and heavy motor vehicle test: 8 A pre-trip inspection of the vehicles roadworthiness. Time limits for completing the test Motorcycles: No time limit Light and heavy motor vehicles yard test: 20 minutes plus 59 seconds grace period including the pre-trip vehicle inspection.

If you pass the yard test you will continue with the road test which will take between 20 and 45 minutes. You will fail the yard test and the test will be discontinued if: 8 you exceed the time limit of 20 minutes and 59 seconds for the pre-trip inspections and the yard test manoeuvres; 8 you have been allocated more than 50 penalty points see next topic Scoring method ; or 8 you fail any one of the immediate fail items in any manoeuvre see next topic Scoring method.

The stopwatch will be stopped after completion of each of the following, and re-started before the next item: 8 the instructions for the pre-trip inspections; 8 each yard test manoeuvre; and 8 the road test. Scoring method The examiner will use a score sheet to evaluate your performance during the test. You may accumulate a certain number of penalty points during each part of the test see next page.

If you score more than this allowance you will fail the test. Besides the penalty points applicable to specific manoeuvres and road test situations, throughout the test you will also be allocated penalty points each time you make the following errors: 8 not showing courtesy towards other road users: 1 8 not checking in the mirrors every 5 to 8 seconds: 5 8 looking in the mirrors for too long: 1 Some items do not carry penalty points and must be completed correctly in order to continue with the rest of the test.

If you are unsuccessful in any of these immediate failure items, the test will be stopped immediately and you will have to reapply to do the test some other time. O VERV IEW 81 Immediate failure items You will fail the test and it will be stopped immediately if you make any of the following errors: Light and heavy motor vehicle test: Motorcycle test: 8 use a vehicle that is unroadworthy or not licenced; 8 have a mechanical failure of the vehicle; 8 violate any traffic law, road sign, signal or road marking; 8 make an uncontrolled or dangerous action; 8 be involved in a collision you could have avoided; 8 bump any obstacles, mount a kerb or touch a boundary line; 8 fail to complete a manoeuvre within the allotted number of attempts; 8 allow the vehicle to roll forward or backwards; 8 fail to demonstrate that you can give a hand signal correctly when instructed to do so; 8 exceed the minute time limit for the yard test; 8 exceed 50 penalty points for the yard test; or 8 exceed 8 penalty points per minute during the road test.

Penalty points allocation: 8 use a vehicle that is unroadworthy or not licenced; 8 fall off the motorcycle or allow it to fall; 8 violate any traffic law, road sign , signal or road marking; 8 make an uncontrolled or dangerous action; 8 fail to wear a suitable safety helmet; 8 touch any boundary line; 8 exceed 50 penalty points for Part One of the test, or 90 penalty points for Part Two; 8 dont succeed with one attempt: moving off; turning left; lane change to the right; or 8 dont succeed within three attempts: moving off and riding; turning speed judgement; emergency stop and emergency swerve; or stopping.

Penalty points allocation: Vehicle rolls back or forwards Touch any obstacles Not successful in the number of attempts allowed observation Signal intention Moving off Counter-steering Signal cancelled With each yard test manoeuvre weve included a table that shows the number of penalty points that can be allocated for any errors in executing the various elements in that manoeuvre, e.

Penalty points are given for any action that: 8 you do, but which should not be done, e. For example, if you forget to do a observation during a particular manoeuvre which requires that action, you will be penalized 5 points. Similarly, if you do not signal your intention when it is needed, that can cost you 5 points.

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The higher the number of penalty points allocated to an action, the more important it is for you to do it correctly. A shaded box indicates an element you must do correctly or you will fail the entire test immediately. Note: For the road test, where a manoeuvre applies in several situations, the penalty points have not been shown every time.

For example, the K53 action steps for stopping or for moving off must be applied every time these form part of a driving manoeuvre, such as at intersections. Look to the front, sides, in the mirrors and blind spots. Look up and down crossroads and vehicle entrances for any vehicles and pedestrians. Signalling 8 Check in the rear-view mirror s and appropriate blind spot, if applicable, e. However, you must check in the rear-view mirror s before braking commences. The examiner will accompany you to the vehicle, where a pre-trip exterior inspection will be conducted prior to entering the vehicle.

The examiner may allow minor defects to be rectified; however, no extra time will be allowed for this. If any of the items indicated on the test report under the headings Pre-trip inspection are found not to be operating, the vehicle will be considered unroadworthy and the examiner will record a fail and immediately discontinue the test.

You will not be penalized for the following: 8 if you dont execute the pre-trip inspection in an anti-clockwise direction; 8 if you dont raise the windscreen wipers from the windscreen; 8 if you check one wheel and only later refer to the other wheels; or 8 if you dont check both sidewalls of a tyre for damage. When checking those parts of the vehicle which you have to check, you are not expected to mention all the properties of that particular part.

For example, when the wheels are checked, you dont need to mention that you checked the tyre tread for wear and for damage to the sidewall, tyre pressure and the valve cap, etc. When it is clear to the examiner that you have paid attention to the specific parts, whether mentioned or not, you will be credited.

Procedure light and heavy motor vehicles: 8 Check under the vehicle for any leaks and obstructions. Check the wiper blades for any wear and leave them extended. During the interior inspection, after the instruments and gauges have been checked for any malfunction, the engine must be started and left running to allow the air pressure to build up in the air brakes while the exterior inspection is being carried out.

Ensure from the drivers seat that the parking brake is applied.

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Ensure that the gear lever is in the neutral position in P or N for automatic transmission. Check for any obstructions. Check any warning lights and gauges where applicable. Check the seat adjustment for the correct driving position. Check all the mirrors for maximum rear-view vision; adjust as necessary. Turn the ignition key to the ON position, without starting the engine. Check the operation of any electric windows, if applicable.

Check all the instruments on the instrument panel and mention any changes. Check the operation of the front and rear lights, indicators, horn and wipers. Switch the ignition off and return all the switches to the OFF position.

Check the steering for any excessive free play. Check the pressure on the brake and clutch pedals. Return the wipers to the normal position, where applicable. Check that the doors are properly closed and that any passengers are conversant with the operation of the doors.

Fasten the seatbelt and request any passengers to fasten their seatbelts. Ensure that the passengers know how to operate the release mechanism of the seatbelts. These manoeuvres test your competence in handling the vehicle while reversing, parking, moving off on an incline and turning the vehicle around in the road. Before you start the manoeuvres, the examiner will give you the following information: 8 The full yard test the pre-trip inspections as well as the manoeuvres must be completed within 20 minutes and 59 seconds stopwatch time.

The examiner will tell you: 8 to position the vehicle at the starting point; 8 to reverse into the demarcated area without touching any obstacle; 8 that stopping is permissible at any stage; 8 that no forward movement will be permitted while entering the bay; and 8 that a second final attempt may be made if the first attempt was unsuccessful, provided that no obstacles were touched.

Position your vehicle at the starting point and cancel the signal, if applicable.

Apply the parking brake or select neutral, or P for automatic transmission and wait for instructions. When instructed to do so, perform the manoeuvre by following the steps on page Note: Alley docking to the left is shown here, so the first blind spot observation check and signalling will be to the left. When intending to alley dock to the right, the first blind spot check and signalling will be to the right. The following two illustrations show the correct K53 sequence for: 1. Turning left without stopping 3 2 4 1.

Check mirrors 2. Check left blind spot 3.

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Signal left Accelerate as necessary Check mirrors Cancel signal 4. Check left blind spot, if applicable 5.

Steer to the left of the lane, if necessary 6. Check mirrors 7.

Select a lower gear, if necessary 9. Yield to pedestrians if necessary Penalty points allocation: Check in the mirrors Check the blind spots Signal intention Lane changing Check left and right for cross-traffic Position for the turn Wheels straight for turning Signal cancelled Note: The penalty points shown in the box above apply to all intersection situations. Select next lower gear, if necessary Check traffic to the right Observe , if applicable Check left blind spot, if applicable Steer round the corner into appropriate lane The test consists of: 8 a pre-trip inspection; 8 a starting procedure; and 8 a skills test.

The test is a measure of the motorcycle riders: 8 competence in handling a motorcycle; 8 compliance with traffic rules, road signs and surface markings; and 8 use of the K53 system of vehicle control. This test has been designed for riders of solo two-wheeled motorcycles, and not for three-wheeled tri-cycle or four-wheeled quad-bike motorcycles, nor for a motorcycle with a sidecar.

During the test, you will not be allowed to smoke or use a cell phone. Test structure Part One: 8 pre-trip inspection of the motorcycles roadworthiness; 8 starting and stopping the engine; 8 speed management and control; 8 moving off and turning left; 8 changing lane to the right; and 8 stopping on an incline and then moving off, without rolling back.

Part Two: 8 turning speed judgement to the left and to the right ; 8 emergency stops; 8 emergency swerves to the left and to the right; and 8 stopping in a controlled manner. Scoring Throughout the test, the following items will be marked with penalty points as necessary: 8 violation of a traffic law; 8 uncontrolled actions; 8 dangerous actions; 8 collisions; and 8 mechanical failure.

You will, however, not be penalized for touching any boundary lines when moving the vehicle to the next manoeuvre. Other important notes 8 Prior to the commencement of a manoeuvre, the examiner will give you the instructions and explanation only when the motorcycle is stationary.

However, in order to pass, you must complete the entire test. Pre-trip inspection The examiner will accompany you to your motorcycle where you must conduct the pre-trip inspection. Note, however, that a time limit of not more than 5 minutes will be allowed for this.

The checking procedure: 8 Check under the motorcycle for any leaks and obstructions. Notes: 8 You will not be penalized for the following: if you fail to execute the pre-trip inspection in an anti-clock wise direction; if you check one wheel and later only refer to the other wheel; or if you fail to check both sidewalls of a tyre for damage. Penalty points allocation: Check under vehicle Check the mirrors Check the chains Check the tyres Check the fork 1 1 1 1 1 8 When checking those parts of the motorcycle which you have to check, it is not expected of you to make mention of all the properties of that particular part.

The vehicle must be of the same category as specified on the licence. WhAT The TesT cOVeRs During the test, you must demonstrate your ability to: control and handle the vehicle safely and competently; apply the K53 defensive driving system; obey the road traffic rules, road signs and signals, and road markings, and respond appropriately in a real-life driving situation; cope with traffic, pedestrians and route conditions; be courteous to other road users.

If you fail either of these parts the test will be discontinued immediately and you will have to apply for a full re-test at a later date. You may ask the examiner any questions about the test. Use of cellular phones and smoking are not allowed. On completion of the test, whether you have passed or failed, you must sign the test report and be given a copy after it has been discussed with you. Light anD heavy motor vehicLes the test for light and heavy motor vehicles includes: Part one: a pre-trip inspection of the vehicle; a yard test, which inludes reversing, parking and moving off on an incline.

Part two: a practical driving test in traffic road test. The time allotted for the yard activities the interior and exterior inspections and the yard manoeuvres is 20 minutes in total plus 59 seconds grace period. If you pass these two aspects of the test, you will continue with the practical driving test on a public road, which should take between 20 and 45 minutes. Part two: moving off, turning speed judgement, an emergency stop, an emergency swerve and a controlled stop.

There is no time limit for part one of the test. Both parts of the test are conducted on a track at the testing centre. There is no practical riding test in traffic.

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During your driving lessons you should satisfy yourself that you can perform every procedure for the test. The driving test is a practical test. To help assess your ability, an example of the official test assessment checklist is included at the back of this book pages ImmeDIATe FAIlURe Light anD heavy motor vehicLes the test will be stopped immediately in the event of any of the following: using a vehicle that is not licenced; using an unroadworthy vehicle; a violation of any traffic law, road sign, signal or road marking; an uncontrolled, dangerous action on your part; an avoidable collision; bumping any obstacles, mounting the kerb or touching boundary lines during the test; not successfully completing a manoeuvre within the maximum number of attempts allowed; allowing the vehicle to roll forwards or backwards during the test; inability to perform a hand signal when instructed to do so; mechanical failure of the vehicle during the test; scoring more than 50 penalty points in the yard test penalty points are indicated in brackets on the test assessment checklist at the back of the book ; exceeding the absolute time limit of 20 minutes 59 seconds allowed for the Pre-Trip Inspection and Yard Test.

Only one attempt each is allowed for moving off, turning left and lane change to the right, and three attempts for speed control, provided that no immediate disqualification has occurred. Part two: falling off or allowing the motorcycle to fall; exceeding 90 penalty points; touching a boundary line; rolling backwards or forwards when moving off; disregarding a traffic law, road sign, signal or road marking; carrying out an uncontrolled or dangerous action; not wearing a suitable safety crash helmet.

Only three attempts are allowed for each of the manoeuvres in this part of the test, provided that no immediate disqualification has occurred. If you are disqualified for any one of these items the test will be stopped immediately and you will have to re-apply to do the test at a later date after more training and practice.

You will be expected to know this system thoroughly and to apply it in the correct sequence during each manoeuvre and aspect of the test while maintaining a clear space around your vehicle at all times. A hazard is anything that could cause you to reduce speed or change direction.

Hazards include: intersections, vehicle and pedestrian entrances, pedestrians, animals, other vehicles, cyclists, poles, signs or any other fixtures.

Each manoeuvre has its own specific sequence of actions that form part of the defensive driving system. These sequences, which are explained in the pages that follow, must be followed.

The following table explains the terminology used to describe the sequence, and shows the icons that will be used to help you. Look to the front, to the sides, in the mirrors and the blind spots so that you know whats going on all around your vehicle and to see if it is safe behind you.

Your wheels should always be straight when you check in the blind spots. Look in the mirrors Look in the rear-view mirrors to see if it is safe behind and alongside the vehicle. Check the blind spot s Turn your head and look over your shoulder into the blind spot on the side to which you intend moving to ensure that it is safe to change direction.

On approach, check under the vehicle for leaks or obstructions. Unlock all the doors. Inspect the vehicle for possible damage from the top to bottom, in an anti-clockwise direction.

Ensure that the mirrors are not broken, and are secure and clean.

Check the windows and windscreen for damage and cleanliness. Check the wiper blades for damage and leave them extended during the inspection. Check the tyres for damage, wear, tread depth, valve cap and inflation.

Check the wheels for damage, grease or oil leaks, and the wheel nuts if no hub cap is fitted visual inspection only. Check all the lights, lenses and reflectors for damage, and that they are secure and clean. Check the vehicle for damaged or loose panels or grilles.

Make sure that the bonnet, bumpers and exhaust are secure. Make sure that the number plates are secure and clean and that the light is working. Check that the licence disc is valid and secure. Check the doors for opening, and the operation of the window winders and seat belts for stability and damage.Mention any changes. Indicate your intention. This means that if you travel consistently at that speed you will get all the lights on green.

If you're not sure about the right place to put the jack, read your owner's manual. The checking procedure: If you are not going to change speed, it is not necessary to look in the mirror, or to apply the brakes, or to change gear.

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