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If this is the first time you've played a keyboard, we recommend the basic version of an easy song such as This can be a great way to prepare for a lesson. to help you teach keyboard classes. Even though you may not feel confident with your new keyboard skills, the Church needs you to help others learn them. to introduce and work with each piece in Piano Lessons Book 1 of the Hal . keyboard. New Concept: High and low on the keyboard. Review: Musical pulse.

Yamaha Keyboard Lessons Pdf

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From student to professional, pianists all over the world love their Yamaha instruments. Graded Hammer (GH) keyboard with 88 keys .. Lesson / Guide. Download This Free PDF Document & Get Started On Learning Keyboard Basics Today! Keyboard Basics PDF (Download Today!). The course, Learn Piano and Keyboards (Piano For All) consists of 10 ebooks, audio piano lessons and video piano lessons! I like its step by step.

The shorter the wavelength, the higher the frequency and the higher the pitch of the sound. In other words, short waves sound high and long waves sound low. Sound Pitches The interval between two notes is the distance between the two pitches - in other words, how much higher or lower one note is than the other. This concept is so important that it is almost impossible to talk about scales, chords, without referring to intervals.

So if you want to learn western music theory, it would be a good idea to spend some time getting comfortable with the concepts and practicing identifying intervals. Scientists usually describe the distance between two pitches in terms of the difference between their frequencies.

Musicians find it more useful to talk about interval. Intervals can be described using half steps and whole steps. For example, you can say, "B natural is a half step below C natural", or "E flat is a step and a half above C natural". Naming Intervals The first step in naming the interval is to find the distance between the notes. Count every space in between the notes. This gives you the number for the intervals.

To find the interval, count spaces between two notes as well as all the spaces in between. The interval between B and D is a third. The interval between A and F is a sixth. Seconds, thirds, sixths, and sevenths can be major intervals or minor intervals. The minor interval is always a half step smaller than the major interval. This note is the tonal center of that key, the note where music in that key feels "at rest". It is also called the tonic, and it's the "do-re-mi".

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For example, music in the key of A major almost always ends on an A major chord, the chord built on the note A. It often also begins on that chord, returns to that chord often, and features a melody and a bass line that also return to the note A often enough that listeners will know where the tonal center of the music is, even if they don't realize that they know it. Learning the notes of the Keyboard Before we can learn how to play scales chords it is vital that we learn the notes on keyboard and how they relate to each other.

The best way to describe the notes on the keyboard is by comparing them to the notes of the alphabets. Each note differs with each other in sound. Below are all seven notes of the keyboard. Notice that the seven notes of keyboard repeat themselves over and over again. That the notes sound the same but the pitch differs.

For example if you play C and move to the right until you find the next C, you will notice that if you play them simultaneously, both notes sounds the same but one is higher than the other. Middle C marks the center of the keyboard. As you will notice the C Major is the easiest and simplest scale of the twelve. In C Major Scale you may play the song "ik pyar kaa nagma hai".

It consists all the white keys from any starting C to the next. The diagram 1 below represents the C major scale in all three octaves. C major can be written as C maj, CM. You will see 4 sets of 12 keys and total 48 keys. One of these 12 set of notes is technically called an octave.

Western music is based on logarithmic division. An octave is divided into 12 equal intervals such that the logarithm of the frequency ratio of two neighboring intervals is the same. This interval is called a semi tone. There are 12 mutually exclusive half notes in the system. The traditional Indian music is based on a 22 keys per octave. In Western music Middle C octave that is also called the Middle C scale etc starts from the first white key set to Hz.

On your keyboard, middle C octave is located somewhere near the middle. Once you figured out where this octave is, you can quickly identify the first key of this octave set to Hz. And because we know the ratio of the key frequencies now we can pretty much compute the frequency generated by any key. You will also notice that the keyboard has about three to four octaves between 36 to 48 keys. The upper octave, starting from Hz is the Upper C octave and the lower octave starting at Hz is the Lower C octave etc.

Whereas in desi style lessons we have assumed Sa of Indian to C of western, the first black key. A Scale is a set of 7 notes in a proper order and intervals or a scale is set of 7 notes with predefined intervals.

The distance between each note is called as interval. It is to be noted that scales and ragas are not same. Apart from having seven different notes in both western and Indian music, there are not many similarities. There is a difference between an Indian scale and western scale. Indian scale is called a thaat.

Only few Indian scales are similar to western scales.

Ragas have many dimensions to it. First, it has an emotional overtone. A raga can have 5 or more notes with intervals. This kind of reduction of notes in a scale is called as modes in Western classical music. Experts believe proper training is required to play Ragas fluently. This comes by good practice and understanding of notes usage.

Play middle C with your right hand thumb. In the above picture of Keyboard we cannot show all 48 or 61 keys of a keyboard and we showed only left octave middle octave and part of right octave of the keyboard. Finger Numbers The left and right hand fingers are numbered as shown above in the diagram. The thumb of each hand is counted as the first finger and has the number one.

When a flat sign is placed after a note like Bb B Flat it means that you play the key immediately to the left side of note B.

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This note Bb will be black key just to left side and above the note B. So, any black key always have sharp and flat notes. When a sharp sign is placed after any note like C it means that you play the key immediately just to its right.

See diagram 3 shown above for sharp notes only and diagram 4 shown below for flat notes only. Eb E flat is the note just before note E and so one.

See Diagram 4 above. There are also two notes Cb C flat and Fb flat , which are notes just before C and F, which are white keys only. Note Cb is just attached to the left side of note C and Note Fb is just attached to the left side of note F. In other words we can name flat or sharp note at the same time to a single note. In the above given diagram 4 we have shown both sharp and flat keys together. Any black key may be sharp or flat. That is one of the things that make it instantly recognizable as Western music.

Most of the music of Eastern Asia is based upon thaat and ragas. A scale is a list of all the notes that begins with a specific key. Major scales all follow the same interval pattern.

The simple, sing-along, nursery rhymes and folk songs we learn as children, the cheerful, toe-tapping pop and rock we dance to or Qomi Tarana, Pak Ser Zameen: Most music in a major key has a bright sound that people often describe as cheerful, inspiring, exciting, or just plain fun.

Music in a particular key tends to use only some of the many possible notes available; these notes are listed in the scale associated with that key.

The notes that a major key uses tend to build "bright"-sounding major chords. They also give a strong feeling of having a tonal center, a note or chord that feels like "home" in that key.

The "bright"-sounding major chords and the strong feeling of tonality are what give major keys their pleasant moods. In this lesson we will learn all about the major scale. Although we will use a keyboard, the lesson should be of use to anyone who wants to learn about one of the most important and useful scales in music. In a keyboard you will see the familiar repeating pattern of notes. The white key to the left of two black keys is always a C, now moving to the next white keys on the right we have D - E - F - G - A - B then back to C again.

These note names just keep repeating. The name of the black keys and some white keys as well varies depending on whether it's a sharp or a flat. For example, the black key next to C may either be a C or a Db. This is the scale known as C Major. C Major is the most common scale in all Western music and there are eight notes in C Major scale. Understanding Tones and Semitones. To understand how to find other major scales we need to look more closely at the construction of our C Major Scale.

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Have a look at the keyboard again. By adding in the black notes, we can see that there are actually 12 notes between one C and the next. The distance from one of these 12 to its neighbor is known as a semitone.

If you have a keyboard, try playing up the keyboard from one C to the next, playing all 12 notes.

Notice how some notes of the C major scale have another note in between them eg. The gap from C to D consists of two semitones, and is known as a tone. This pattern of tones and semitones is how the scale gets its particular colour. The major scale is formed out of the following mixture of tones and semitones or we can say a major scale consists of 7 different notes.

The intervals from note to note of the major scale in any key are: tone - tone - semitone - tone - tone - tone - semitone Finding other major scales To find any other major scale, you simply repeat the pattern of tones and semitones, starting from the note in question. Many students of keyboards dread scales. But without the knowledge of scales, you will never be able to create your original melodies. Scales teach you correct fingering patterns.

Practice each hand separately, before attempting to play both hands! The fingering for the RH is: ascending 1 2 3 1 2 3 4 5 and descending 5 4 3 2 1 3 2 1. As you ascend, tuck your thumb under your third finger and complete the scale using finger numbers 1 2 3 4 5. When you descend, cross your third finger over your thumb and complete the scale using finger numbers 3 2 1. LH fingering: ascending 5 4 3 2 1 3 2 1 and descending 1 2 3 1 2 3 4 5.

The same instructions apply regarding tucking the thumb under the second finger when descending and crossing the third finger over the thumb when ascending. Throughout your study of the keyboard, especially when you are learning new music, or an exercise, it is important that you practice each hand separately at first. Once your finger muscles have memorized the movement s you may then practice with both hands.

But remember to practice slowly at first. Slowly, tap each finger, starting with your thumb and proceed with fingers Repeat this at least ten times.

Raise your fingers very high. Now practice starting with your 5th finger and proceed with fingers These 5-finger movements are needed to play the keyboard well. Repeat the instructions above using your left hand.

So, remember, a keyboardist is only as good as his weaker hand. A natural minor scale consists of 7 different notes. These intervals from note to note are: tone - semitone - tone - tone - semitone - tone — tone 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 If we learn the formula of building all major and minor scales then we can make chords ourselves. Learn scales that are fundamentals of music and play songs with them. A natural minor piano scale is also known as a relative or related minor scale.

To find the relative minor scale of any major scale, locate the 6th tone note in a major scale and you will have found it's related minor. The 6th note of the C major scale is A. I am a songwriter, producer and award-winning artiste.

I have been playing the piano for over twenty years. I am the author of 14 piano lessons and music theory books, including several Amazon best sellers. You will learn a lot on this site. In addition to the free piano lessons, learn about my top recommendations for learning how to play. I have written reviews of what I consider to be some of the best lessons offered on the internet.

Read my review of the Pianoforall keyboard and piano lessons here. This piano course is great for anyone who wants to speed up the learning process and learn to play in a fun and interesting way, not the traditional, boring method. I really love to play. I want to encourage you to do the same. Especially the piano. You can do it!

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Thanks to the many lessons on this site, you will be able to show off your talent to friends and loved ones.

You will feel good knowing that you can play. How great that will be!It consists all the white keys from any starting C to the next. Notice that the seven notes of keyboard repeat themselves over and over again.

This pattern of tones and semitones is how the scale gets its particular colour. The program has a variety of different lessons that you can utilize everyday, and they are specifically designed to help you improve your skills. Notice that the seven notes of keyboard repeat themselves over and over again.

When you descend, cross your third finger over your thumb and complete the scale using finger numbers 3 2 1.

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