THE SHAHNAMEH THE PERSIAN BOOK OF KINGS
The Shahnameh is a long epic poem written by the Persian poet Ferdowsi between c. and Shahnameh was in turn and for the most part the translation of a Pahlavi (Middle Persian) work, known as the Xadāynāmag ("Book of Kings"). The Shahnameh: The Persian Book of Kings Paperback – Deckle Edge, February 27, The great national epic of Persia—the most complete English-language edition and definitive translation by Dick Davis, available in a deluxe edition by Penguin Classics. Shahnameh: The Epic of the. wildlifeprotection.info: Shahnameh: The Persian Book of Kings (Penguin Classics) ( ): Abolqasem Ferdowsi, Dick Davis, Azar Nafisi: Books.
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Among the great works of world literature, perhaps one of the least familiar to English readers is the "Shahnameh: ThePersian Book of Kings," the national epic . Compre o livro Shahnameh: The Persian Book of Kings na wildlifeprotection.info: confira as ofertas para livros em inglês e importados. Among the great works of world literature, perhaps one of the least familiar to English readers is the Shahnameh: ThePersian Book of Kings, the national epic of.
It lies at the heart of Persian literature, a glittering thread weaving through Iranian culture, stringing together each chapter of the nation's history. All of them are from British collections.
Many are incomplete. Britain and Russia played tug-of-war with some of the manuscripts, as they did over Iran itself, finally tearing them apart, each nation hoarding its lonely leaves. Others are in Iran, Dublin and New York. In early manuscripts the pictures are modest, fitting within the text.
But as the centuries pass they expand. Trees blossom exuberantly beyond the margins, dominating the page. The mouths of dragons gape wide, ready to swallow the verses whole along with Rostam, the hero. To accommodate the pictures' increasing splendour the words are squeezed in around them, the texts becoming tangled in the branches of trees as heroes on horses slay their demons below.
When the king heard of his son's death, his world darkened with sorrow. He descended from the throne, weeping and beating his head, and scoring his royal flesh in an agony of distress. His face was smeared with blood, his heart was in mourning, and his days were filled with sorrow. The army was arrayed before the king, and a cry of grief went up from its ranks.
Everyone wore blue as a sign of mourning, and all the animals, wild and tame alike, and the birds of the air, gathered and made their way weeping and crying to the mountains, and the dust sent up by the throng of mourners hovered in the air above the king's court. They mourned for a year, until the glorious Sorush brought a message from God, saying, "Kayumars, weep no more, but be of sound mind again.
Gather an army together and fight against this malevolent demon. Then he prepared to avenge the death of Siamak, neither sleeping at night nor pausing to eat in the day. The great Siamak had a son, Hushang, who acted as his grandfather's advisor. This splendid youth seemed compounded of intelligence and courtliness.
Kayumars lovingly brought him up as his own son, because Hushang reminded him of Siamak, and he had eyes for no one else. When his heart was set on war and vengeance he summoned Hushang and laid before him his plans and secrets.
He said, "I shall gather an army together and raise a cry of lamentation in the demons' ranks. You must command these warriors, since my days are numbered and you must be the new leader.
Shahnameh: The Persian Book of Kings
Kayumars was in the rear, his grandson Hushang in the van. The black demon came fearlessly forward, and the dust of his forces rose into the heavens, but the king's fury and the wild animals' magnificence rendered the demons' claws harmless. When the two groups met, the demons were defeated by.
He laid him low in the dust and flayed his wretched body of its skin. When Kayumars had achieved the vengeance he desired, his days came to an end, and the world was deprived of his glory. The just and prudent Hushang was now master of the world, and he set the crown on his head and ruled in his grandfather's place. He reigned for forty years, and his mind was filled with wisdom, his heart with justice.
Sitting on the royal throne, he said, "From this throne I rule over the seven climes, and everywhere my commands are obeyed.
The Book of Kings: The book that defines Iranians
He helped the world flourish, and filled the face of the earth with his just rule. One day the king was riding toward the mountains with a group of companions when something long, and black suddenly appeared.
Its two eyes were like bowls of blood affixed to its head, and smoke billowed from its mouth, darkening the world.
Hushang considered carefully, then grasped a rock and flung it with all his royal strength at the beast, which flickered aside, so that the rock struck against stony ground and shattered. From the collision of the two stones a spark leaped out, and the rock's heart glowed with fire. The snake was not killed, but the fiery nature of flint was discovered, so that whenever anyone struck it with iron, sparks flashed forth.
Hushang gave thanks to God that he had given this gift of fire, and from that time forth men prayed toward fire. When night came Hushang and his companions made a mountain of fire and circumambulated it. They had a feast that night, and drank wine. The feast was named "Sadeh" and is Hushang's legacy to us.
Then he took ore in his fist, and with fire he separated iron from its rocky home. In this way he created the blacksmith's craft, fashioning maces, axes, saws, and hatchets. Then he turned his attention to irrigation, bringing water from lakes to the plains by means of channels and canals, and so using his royal farr to lessen men's labor.
In this way he increased the land available for agriculture and the harvest, so that each man could grow grain for his own bread and know the fruits of his own toil. Hushang used his God-given royal authority to separate animals into those that are wild and can be hunted, like onager and deer, and those suitable for domestic use, like cows, sheep, and donkeys. He killed animals with fine pelts, like foxes and ermine, the soft squirrel, and the sable, whose fur is so warm, and had fine clothes made from them.
Hushang toiled and spread justice, and consumed his due of the world's goods, and then departed, leaving behind nothing but his good name. In his time he struggled mightily, planning and inventing innumerable schemes, but when his days were at an end, for all his sagacity and dignity, he departed.
The world will not keep faith with you, nor will she show you her true face. Hushang had an intelligent son, Tahmures, who was called "the Binder of Demons.
He called his wise counselors to him and spoke eloquently with them, saying, "Today the throne and crown, the treasury and army, are mine; with my wisdom I shall cleanse the world of evil. I shall restrict the power of demons everywhere and make myself lord of the world.
Whatever is useful in the world I will reveal and make available to mankind. Then he sheared sheep and goats and spun their wool into fibers, from which he fashioned clothes; he also taught men how to weave carpets. He had flocks fed on grass, straw, and barley, and from among wild animals he selected the lynx and cheetah, bringing them in from the mountains and plains and confining them, to train them as hunters.
He also chose hawks and falcons, and hens and roosters, who crow at dawn, and showed men how to tame these birds by treating them well and speaking gently to them.
He brought out the hidden virtues of things, and the world was astonished at his innovations. He said that men should praise God, who had given mankind sovereignty over the earth's animals.
Tahmures had a noble vizier named Shahrasb, a man whose thoughts avoided all evil and who was universally praised. Fasting by day and praying by night, he was the king's star of good fortune, and the souls of the malevolent were under his control. Shahrasb wished the king's reign to be just, and he guided him in righteous paths, so that Tahmures lived purified of all evil and the divine farr emanated from him.
The king bound Ahriman by spells and sat on him, using him as a mount on which to tour the world. When the demons saw this, many of them gathered in groups and murmured against him, saying the crown and farr were no longer his.
But Tahmures learned of their sedition and attacked them, breaking their rebellion.
He girded himself with God's glory and lifted his heavy mace to his shoulders, ready for battle. All the demons and sorcerers came together in a great army, with the black demon as their leader, and their roars ascended to the heavens.
But Tahmures suddenly confronted them, and the war did not last long; two-thirds of the demons he subdued by spells, and the other third by his heavy mace. He dragged them wounded and in chains in the dust, and they pleaded for their lives, saying, "Don't kill us, we can teach you something new and highly profitable. They taught the king how to write, and his heart glowed like the sun with this knowledge. They did not teach him just one script, but almost thirty, including the Western, Arab, and Persian ways of writing, as well as the Soghdian, Chinese, and Pahlavi, showing him how the letters are formed and pronounced.
For thirty years the king performed these and other noble actions; then his days were at an end and he departed, and the memory of his struggles was his memorial. All mourned when the Binder of Demons died. But his splendid son, Jamshid, his heart filled with his father's precepts, then prepared to reign.
New Translation of 'Persian Book of Kings'
He sat on his father's throne, wearing a golden crown according to royal custom. The imperial farr was his. The world submitted to him; quarrels were laid to rest, and all demons, birds, and fairies obeyed Jamshid's commands. The royal throne shone with his luster, and the wealth of the world increased.
He said, "God's glory is with me; I am both prince and priest. I hold evildoers back from their evil, and I guide souls toward the light. First he turned his attention to weapons of war, and he opened the way to glory for his warriors. His royal farr softened iron, and his able mind taught men how to fashion helmets, chain mail, cuirasses, swords, and barding for horses.
Occupied in this way for fifty years, he laid up stores of weapons. For another fifty years he gave his mind to the making of clothes for both feasting and fighting, using linen, silk, and wool, and fashioning fine stuffs and brocades from them.
He taught the arts of spinning and weaving, dyeing and sewing.
The world rejoiced in his reign, and he too rejoiced. Then he spent fifty years gathering the men of different professions about him. He separated those whose business is prayer and worship, assigning the mountains to them as their dwelling place.Both editions lacked critical apparatuses and were based on secondary manuscripts dated after the 15th century; much later than the original work.
Unfortunately, this translation is incomplete, ending before the coming of Eskandar Alexander the Great , the full poem being longer than the Iliad and Odyssey combined, so it seems the rest shall have to wait. Faces of Love: In tracing the roots of Iran, Shahnamehinitially draws on the depths of legend and then carries its story into historical times, when ancient Persia was swept into an expanding Islamic empire.
It is a true "dream book"; if you love wonder stories, myths and heroic epics this is the kind of saga you dream about. This article needs additional citations for verification.
I'm sure many of these place names have been renamed over time so google maps is no help whatsoever. AmazonGlobal Ship Orders Internationally. Ferdowsi started writing the Shahnameh in AD and completed it on 8 March
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