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MANHATTAN 500 ESSENTIAL WORDS PDF

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pdf. Manhattan GRE Advanced and Essential Combo Word list. 20 Pages .. Lazy, slothful adversity inert Inactive; having little or no power to move Manhattan Prep and its top-notch GRE instructors release the most comprehensive set of GRE flash cards on the market. “ Essential Words” is the first in a 2-volume set of flash cards. Manhattan Prep’s GRE Vocabulary Flash Cards go above and beyond other GRE flash cards on. Read [] [] Essential Words PDF GRE Vocabulary Flash Cards (Manhattan Prep GRE Strategy Guides).


Manhattan 500 Essential Words Pdf

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relieving pain (adj). Manhattan Prep GRE Words: Definitions .. Purify; extract the essential elements of. dither .. intransigent. Refusing to. It depends on how much time you have for preparation. If you have less than 1 month, then you can start learning words from wordlist such as Barron's Manhattan GRE Essential Words Flash Card set — another good starting point for learning GRE vocabulary.

But such progress rests on a shaky foundation, and fault lines are everywhere. The income gap between black and white households is roughly the same today as it was in Patrick Sharkey, a sociologist at New York University, studied children born from through and found that 4 percent of whites and 62 percent of blacks across America had been raised in poor neighborhoods. A generation later, the same study showed, virtually nothing had changed.

And whereas whites born into affluent neighborhoods tended to remain in affluent neighborhoods, blacks tended to fall out of them. This is not surprising.

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Black families, regardless of income, are significantly less wealthy than white families. The Pew Research Center estimates that white households are worth roughly 20 times as much as black households, and that whereas only 15 percent of whites have zero or negative wealth, more than a third of blacks do. Effectively, the black family in America is working without a safety net. When financial calamity strikes—a medical emergency, divorce, job loss—the fall is precipitous.

Manhattan 500 Essential Words - GRE

And just as black families of all incomes remain handicapped by a lack of wealth, so too do they remain handicapped by their restricted choice of neighborhood. Black people with upper-middle-class incomes do not generally live in upper-middle-class neighborhoods. As a rule, poor black people do not work their way out of the ghetto—and those who do often face the horror of watching their children and grandchildren tumble back.

Even seeming evidence of progress withers under harsh light. In , the Manhattan Institute cheerily noted that segregation had declined since the s. And yet African Americans still remained—by far—the most segregated ethnic group in the country. With segregation, with the isolation of the injured and the robbed, comes the concentration of disadvantage. An unsegregated America might see poverty, and all its effects, spread across the country with no particular bias toward skin color.

Instead, the concentration of poverty has been paired with a concentration of melanin. The resulting conflagration has been devastating. One thread of thinking in the African American community holds that these depressing numbers partially stem from cultural pathologies that can be altered through individual grit and exceptionally good behavior. It is also wrong. The kind of trenchant racism to which black people have persistently been subjected can never be defeated by making its victims more respectable.

The essence of American racism is disrespect. And in the wake of the grim numbers, we see the grim inheritance. The suit dragged on until , when the league lost a jury trial. Securing the equal protection of the law proved hard; securing reparations proved impossible. Board of Education and all that nonsense. The Supreme Court seems to share that sentiment. The past two decades have witnessed a rollback of the progressive legislation of the s.

Liberals have found themselves on the defensive. In , when Barack Obama was a candidate for president, he was asked whether his daughters—Malia and Sasha—should benefit from affirmative action. He answered in the negative. The exchange rested upon an erroneous comparison of the average American white family and the exceptional first family. In the contest of upward mobility, Barack and Michelle Obama have won. But that comparison is incomplete.

The more telling question is how they compare with Jenna and Barbara Bush—the products of many generations of privilege, not just one. Belinda had been born in modern-day Ghana.

She was kidnapped as a child and sold into slavery. She endured the Middle Passage and 50 years of enslavement at the hands of Isaac Royall and his son. But the junior Royall, a British loyalist, fled the country during the Revolution.

Belinda, now free after half a century of labor, beseeched the nascent Massachusetts legislature: The face of your Petitioner, is now marked with the furrows of time, and her frame bending under the oppression of years, while she, by the Laws of the Land, is denied the employment of one morsel of that immense wealth, apart whereof hath been accumilated by her own industry, and the whole augmented by her servitude.

WHEREFORE, casting herself at your feet if your honours, as to a body of men, formed for the extirpation of vassalage, for the reward of Virtue, and the just return of honest industry—she prays, that such allowance may be made her out of the Estate of Colonel Royall, as will prevent her, and her more infirm daughter, from misery in the greatest extreme, and scatter comfort over the short and downward path of their lives. Belinda Royall was granted a pension of 15 pounds and 12 shillings, to be paid out of the estate of Isaac Royall—one of the earliest successful attempts to petition for reparations.

At the time, black people in America had endured more than years of enslavement, and the idea that they might be owed something in return was, if not the national consensus, at least not outrageous.

Click the image above to view the full document. Finkenbine has documented, at the dawn of this country, black reparations were actively considered and often effected. Charles J. Ogletree Jr. But while the people advocating reparations have changed over time, the response from the country has remained virtually the same.

Having been enslaved for years, black people were not left to their own devices. They were terrorized. In the Deep South, a second slavery ruled. In the North, legislatures, mayors, civic associations, banks, and citizens all colluded to pin black people into ghettos, where they were overcrowded, overcharged, and undereducated.

Businesses discriminated against them, awarding them the worst jobs and the worst wages. Police brutalized them in the streets. And the notion that black lives, black bodies, and black wealth were rightful targets remained deeply rooted in the broader society.

It is as though we have run up a credit-card bill and, having pledged to charge no more, remain befuddled that the balance does not disappear. The effects of that balance, interest accruing daily, are all around us. Broach the topic of reparations today and a barrage of questions inevitably follows: Who will be paid?

How much will they be paid? Who will pay? But if the practicalities, not the justice, of reparations are the true sticking point, there has for some time been the beginnings of a solution. For the past 25 years, Congressman John Conyers Jr. We would support this bill, submit the question to study, and then assess the possible solutions. But we are not interested. But all we are talking about is studying [reparations].

As John Conyers has said, we study everything. We study the water, the air. This bill does not authorize one red cent to anyone.

The last slaveholder has been dead for a very long time. The last soldier to endure Valley Forge has been dead much longer. A nation outlives its generations. We were not there when Woodrow Wilson took us into World War I, but we are still paying out the pensions.

If George Washington crossing the Delaware matters, so must his ruthless pursuit of the runagate Oney Judge. The high point of the lynching era has passed. But the memories of those robbed of their lives still live on in the lingering effects.

How to build word-lists & improve your GRE vocabulary

Indeed, in America there is a strange and powerful belief that if you stab a black person 10 times, the bleeding stops and the healing begins the moment the assailant drops the knife.

Inconsequential Insignificant, unimportant; illogical Incorporate Combine, unite; form a legal corporation; Indeterminate Not fixed or determined, indefinite; vague Indifferent Not caring, having no interest; unbiased, Intrepid Fearless, brave, enduring in the face of Intrinsic Belonging to the essential nature of a thing Inform Inspire, animate; give substance, essence Ingenuous Genuine, sincere, not holding back; naive cleverness, or offering incentives Ingrained Deep-rooted, forming part of the very Inherent Existing as a permanent, essential Lavish Abundant or giving in abundance; marked by Jargon Vocabulary specific to a group or occupation; Layperson A person who is not a member of the clergy or Jocular Joking or given to joking all the time; jolly, magician ; trickery or deception playful Judicious Using good judgement; wise, sensible Levity Lightness of mind, spirit, or mood or lack of Juncture Critical point in time, such as a crises or a time seriousness, sometimes in an inappropriate when a decision in necessary; a place where way two things are joined together Levy Collect tax from, wage war on, or enlist for Keen Sharp, piercing; very perceptive or mentally Liberal Favorable to progress or reform; believing in sharp; intense of a feeling maximum possible individual freedom; Libertine Morally or sexually unrestrained personl freethinker regarding religion Kudos Praise, honor, congratulations Likewise Also, in addition to; similarly, in the same way Lackluster Not shiny; dull, mediocre; lacking brilliance or Laconic Using few words, concise Lament Mourn; express grief, sorrow, or regret v ; an Lampoon A harsh satire n ; ridicule or satirize v Log Keep a record of, write down; travel for or at a Landmark Object such as a building that stands out and certain distance or speed v ; a written record can be used to navigate by; a very important n place, event, etc.

Loquacious Talkative, wordy Languid Drooping from exhaustion. Lucid Clear, easy to understand; rational, sane lacking in sprit Lull Soothe or cause to fall asleep as in lullaby ; largesse with the implication that the giver is a bit quite down; make to feel secure, sometimes superior to the recipient falsely v ; a period of calm o quite n Lassitude Tiredness, weariness; lazy indifference Laudable Worthy of praise Makeshift A temporary, often improvised, substitute misanthropist n ; improvised for temporary use adj.

Mitigate Make less sever; lessen or moderate Modest humble; simple rather than showy; decent Malleable Able to be bent, shaped, or adapted esp. Molify Calm or soothe an angry person ; lessen or Maverick Rebel, individualist, dissenter Monotony Sameness or repetitiousness to the point of Mendacious Lying, habitually dishonest Moreover Besides; in addition to what was just stated Mores Customs, manners, or morals of a begging particular group Mercurial Quickly and unpredictable changing Mundane Common, ordinary, everyday Metamorphosis A complete change or transformation in Naive Simple and unsophisticated, unsuspecting, being and of the world ; very subtle or lacking worldly experience and critical abstruse judgement Meticulous Taking extreme care in regards to details; Nascent Coming into existence, still developing precise, fussy Opaque Not translucent; not allowing light, heat, etc.

Net Remaining after expenses or other factors outrageously shameful actions have been deducted; ultimate adj. Optimal or Best, most desirable or favorable in as profit, or to catch as in a net v Optimum Nevertheless However, even so, despite that speaking ; pompous, bombastic or Orthodox adhering to a traditional, established faith, or Nonetheless to anything customary or commonly accepted Oscillate Swing back and forth; waver, change one's Outstrip Surpass, exceed; be larger or better than; leave Notoriety Ill fame; the state of being well known for a behind disgraceful reason Overshadow Cast a shadow over, darken; dominate, make Novel New, fresh, original to seem less important Nuance A subtle difference in tone, meaning, Objective Factual, related to reality or physical objects; Obsequious Servile, very compliant, fawning Obsolete Out of date, no longer in use way of acting Obstinate Stubborn or hard to control Obviate Prevent, eliminate, or make unnecessary array Paradigm Model or pattern; worldview, set of shared Occult The supernatural n ; pertaining to magic, assumptions, values, etc.

Paradox Contradiction that is actually true adj. Offhand Casual, informal; done without preparation or forethought; rude in a short way, brusque Officious Excessively eager in giving unwanted advice off the outer parts or intruding where one is not wanted; meddlesome, pushy Pariah Social outcast, untouchable Offset Counteract, compensate for v ; a Partial Biased, prejudiced, favoring one over others; Peripheral Relating to or making up an outer boundary having a special liking for something or or region; not of primary importance, fringe someone usually partial to Permeate Spread or penetrate throughout Partisan Devoted to a particular group, case, etc.

Pervasive Tending to spread throughout satirically Patent Obvious, apparent, plain to see adj. Philanthropy Efforts to improve the well-being of Pathological Relating to or caused be disease; relating to compulsive bad behavior Patronizing Condescending, having a superior manner, Paucity Scarcity, the state of being small in number Phone fake, counterfeit; insincere, not genuine Peccadillo Small sin or fault Pious Devout; religiously reverent and dutiful Pith Core, essence; significance or weight learning and rules, or who uses his or her Placate Satisfy or calm down an angry or learning to show off dissatisfied person , esp.

Placid Peaceful, calm, tranquil Pedestrian Ordinary, dull, commonplace Plastic Able to be shaped or formed; easily Plausible Believable; having the appearance of truth Penchant Liking or inclination usually penchant for Plummet Plunge, fall straight down Polarized Divided into sharply opposed groups Perfidious Disloyal, treacherous, violating one's trust Ponderous Heavy, bulky and unwieldy; dull.

Potentate Ruler, person of great power Prohibitive Tending to forbid something, or serving to prevent Pragmatic Practical; dealing with actual facts Proliferate Increase or spread rapidly or excessively Preamble Introductory statement, preface Prologue Introductory part to a book, play, etc.

Precarious Unstable, insecure, dangerous Pronounced Distinct, strong, clearly indicated Precursor Something that comes before, esp.

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Predisposed Having an inclination or tendency Propriety Conforming to good manners or beforehand; subscribe appropriate behavior Preempt Prevent; take the place of, supplant; take Prosaic Dull, ordinary before someone else can Proscribe Prohibit, outlaw; denounce; exile or banish Prospective Potential, in the future Presumptuous Too bold of forward; going beyond that a person which is proper Pretentious Claiming or demanding a position of on behalf of another importance or dignity, esp.

Prudent Wise in practical matters, carefully unjustified; showing off, creating a providing for the future deceptive, false show of worth Pugnacious Inclined to fight, combative Principled Having high moral standards Pristine In an original, pure state; uncorrupted Probity Honesty, integrity stimulating, sharp Prodigal Wasteful, extravagant; giving abundantly, Qualified Modified, limited, conditional on lavish something else Prodigious Extraordinarily large, impressive, etc.

Quandary Uncertainty or confusion about what to do, dilemma Profligate Completely and shamelessly immoral, or extremely wasteful Profound Very insightful, penetrating deeply into a Quibble Make trivial arguments or criticism, find subject; pervasive, intense, "down to the faults in a petty way, esp.

Profuse Abundant, extravagant, giving or given Replete Supplied in abundance, filled gorged used chivalrous, or idealistic; impulsive with with Quotidian Daily; everyday, ordinary Reproach Blame, disgrace n ; criticize, express Ranks Personnel; a group of people considered all disappointment in v together Repudiate Reject, cast off, deny tat something has mountain authority Requite Reciprocate, repay, or revenge undergoes a change in a chemical reaction Rescind Annul, repeal, make void Reap Harvest, such as by cutting; gather; get as a Resolution The quality of being firmly determined; result of one's effort resolving to do something; a formal Resolve Find a solution to; firmly decide to do Respectively In the order given Recluse Person who lives in seclusion Restive Impatient or uneasy under the control of another; resisting being controlled Reticent Not talking much; private of a person , Retrospective Looking to the past or backward; applying to the past, retroactive adj.

Reverent Feeling or expressing very deep respect and awe Rhetoric The art or study of persuasion through Refute Prove to be false speaking or writing; language that is Relegate Send or commit to an inferior place, rank, Remedial Providing a remedy, curative; correcting a Rife Happening frequently, abundant, currently deficient skill being reported Render Give, submit, surrender; translate declare Sedulous Preserving, persistent, diligent in one's a cow efforts Rustic Relating to country life, unsophisticated; Sentient Conscious; experiencing sensation or Sacrosanct Sacred, inviolable, not to be trespassed on or perceiving with the senses violated; above any criticism Sagacious Wise; showing good judgement and foresight or transported Salubrious Healthful, promoting health Simultaneous At the same time Sanction Permission or approval, something that gives Skeptic Person inclined to doubting or questioning one or more countries against anther country to generally accepted beliefs get it to comply n ; to place sanctions or penalties on v Skirt Border, lie along the edge of, go around; evade Sanguine Cheerfully optimistic, hopeful; reddish, ruddy as in rosy-red cheeks indicating health or Sap The inner fluid of a plant or any essential body fluid; energy; vitality; a person taken advantage Slack Loose, negligent, lazy, weak adj.

Satiate or To fully satisfy; to go beyond satisfying to the Sate point of excess possibly inducing disgust, Slew A large number or quantity tiredness, etc.

You can also take this first step if you have a year or more to go for the GRE. Visit commnet.

500 Advanced Words: GRE Vocabulary Flash Cards (Manhattan Prep Strategy – PDF Version

However, if you have less than a year to go, you will obviously have to take more urgent steps, such as depending on world lists and flashcards, besides, of course, reading as much as you can and making a note of the new and unfamiliar words that you come across.

But first, let us chart out the steps to a great vocabulary. How to learn new GRE words Read If you are a science or engineering student who has not really taken to reading, then GRE gives you a great opportunity to start. The reading habit will stand you in good stead not only at the GRE but will go much beyond. If possible, write down the sentences where these words appeared so that you can make flashcards.

If you want Indian content, try the editorial and op-ed pages of The Hindu.

But the GRE just does not quiz your knowledge of word meaning, but your grasp of the connotation. The dictionaries mentioned are helpful as they provide sample sentences that help you understand the context.

You can also visit dictionary.At the time, black people in America had endured more than years of enslavement, and the idea that they might be owed something in return was, if not the national consensus, at least not outrageous.

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The community was anchored by the sprawling Sears, Roebuck headquarters. By ibrar amin. This debt, particularly, we are bound to discharge: and, when the righteous Judge of the Universe comes to reckon with his servants, he will rigidly exact the payment at our hands. Germane Relevant and appropriate, on-topic droop Net Remaining after expenses or other factors outrageously shameful actions have been deducted; ultimate adj. Finesse Extreme delicacy, subtlety, or diplomacy in This was hardly unusual.

Incendiary Setting on fire, pertaining to arson; Crafty Cunning, skillful in deception or

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