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XML COMPLETE REFERENCE EBOOK

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Handy quick reference command guide quickly shows readers popular XML commands CD contains ready-to-use code from the book. This complete reference covers a very broad range of topics--including XML parsers, validators, schemas, DTDs, style sheets (both XSL and. Apr {pdf} Latest xml complete reference pdf free download. C++ For Dummies (eBook) Programming Languages, Computer Programming.


Xml Complete Reference Ebook

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As of today we have 78,, eBooks for you to download for free. Essential XML quick reference: a programmer's reference to XML, XPath, XSLT, XML. For a complete description of the CD-ROM contents, you can read Appendix C. In Inserting Characters in XML Files with Character References „XML is the cure for your data exchange, information integration, data exchange „XML has been the best invention since sliced bread“ . Cross References. – Literature .. and aggregation and even complete subqueries.

By backing what I feel is obviously the right horse, I am contributing to the strangulation of new or uninvented forms of the book. Advocacy of one digital format is always a process of eugenics; other formats will never be born or will die prematurely. Exterminating that species is something to which I am proud to contribute. For other forms of books, advocating strict HTML markup will cause as-yet-unknowable harm.

I nonetheless maintain that typical works of fiction, and many works of nonfiction, can be expressed very well indeed in HTML E-books. To attain this degree of expression, we have to rid ourselves of print conventions that do not work in electronic media.

Another way of saying this is that books should be as bookish as possible under the circumstances. Printed books need to take advantage of everything print has to offer resolution, tactility, portability, collectibility , while electronic books must do likewise for their own form economy, copyability, reflow, searching and indexing, interlinking.

Two problems to be solved section3 If HTML is the dominant markup language for most E-books, then web standards come into play. It would be overconfident to assume that this success will immediately replicate itself with E-books. Novels and many nonfiction books are semantically simple. EM vs. But people untrained in even the simplest markup are the problem.

Production methods section5 For E-books to have good code, good code has to be found at every stage of the production process. That is not how things are done right now. Thin spaces between dots in an ellipsis become question marks. Indeed just text files, not structured markup.

Copy errors are so rampant that E-books are the first category of book in human history that could actually be returned as defective. Why would publishers scan hardcopies?

Yes, but do publishers own those files, or do various freelance designers? Can anybody even find the files?

What if they were saved in an old version of Quark Xpress or Ventura Publisher? We have countless examples to look at right now see sidebar.

Race to the bottom section6 E-books are barely beginning to catch on and already the most important parts of an E-book — copy and markup—are suffering from a race to the bottom. The canonical format of a book should be HTML. A manuscript could then be imported into that fossil the publishing industry refuses to leave behind, Microsoft Word. Now, the foregoing is so optimistic as to be ridiculous. This will not result in authors writing good strong HTML for new books, but will clean up part of the mess.

Two other projects are working on the possibilities of standardized structured code in the E-book process. The new Zen Garden could benefit from the experience of the old Zen Garden by offering more than one canonical text to style, but the concept is a proven winner.

You can help by contributing. You may also associate stylesheets — explicitly CSS2 , not any other version. As such and as ever, markup must be separated from presentation. But E-book creators come from the publishing business. They will naturally attempt to hack and deform code and text to reproduce features from print layouts that should really be governed by CSS, handled by the E-book reader, or forgotten about entirely.

In some cases, you actually have to alter the text of a book to make it work as an E-book; in other cases you must not do that. Take care to put the same information in both places, as different EPUB readers might use the values from one or the other.

Although the OCF file is defined as part of EPUB itself, the last major metadata file is borrowed from a different digital book standard.

DAISY is a consortium that develops data formats for readers who are unable to use traditional books, often because of visual impairments or the inability to manipulate printed works. The NCX defines the table of contents of the digital book. In complex books, it is typically hierarchical, containing nested parts, chapters, and sections. Listing 8. This element should match the dc:identifier in the OPF file.

This example has only one level, so this value is 1. It's okay to be confused, as both files describe the order and contents of the document.

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The easiest way to explain the difference is through analogy with a printed book: The OPF spine describes how the sections of the book are physically bound together, such that turning a page at the end of one chapter reveals the first page of the second chapter.

The NCX describes the table of contents at the beginning of the book. The table of contents always includes all the major sections of the book, but it might also list sub-sections that don't occur on their own pages.

The navMap is the most important part of the NCX file, as it defines the table of contents for the actual book. The navMap contains one or more navPoint elements. Each navPoint must contain the following elements: A playOrder attribute, which reflects the reading order of the document.

This follows the same order as the list of itemref elements in the OPF spine. This is typically a chapter title or number, such as "Chapter One," or—as in this example—"Cover page. This will be a file declared in the OPF manifest.

It is also acceptable to use fragment identifiers here to point to anchors within XHTML content—for example, content. Optionally, one or more child navPoint elements.

Nested points are how hierarchical documents are expressed in the NCX. The structure of the sample book is simple: It has only two pages, and they are not nested. That means that you'll have two navPoint elements with ascending playOrder values, starting at 1. In the NCX, you have the opportunity to name these sections, allowing readers to jump into different parts of the eBook.

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Adding the final content Now you know all the metadata required in EPUB, so it's time to put in the actual book content. You can use the sample content provided in Downloadable resources or create your own, as long as the file names match the metadata.

Next, create these files and folder: title. This file can contain any CSS declarations you like, such as setting the font-face or text color. See Listing 10 for an example of such a CSS file. Use this sample for your title page title.

Listing 9. Sample title page title. Use IDs to refer to anchors within content. Listing 10 demonstrates a simple CSS file that you can apply to the content to set basic font guidelines and to color headings in red.

Listing Sample styles for the eBook stylesheet. If you create technical documentation, this is probably not relevant, but developers who build EPUBs in multiple languages or for specialized domains will appreciate the ability to specify exact font data.

You now have everything you need to create your first EPUB book. In the next section, you'll bundle the book according to the OCF specifications and find out how to validate it.

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This bundle will either be a new book that you created yourself or one that uses the raw files available from Downloadable resources. The mimetype file must not be compressed. The ZIP archive cannot be encrypted. Using ZIP version 2.

These commands assume that your current working directory is your EPUB project. In the second, you add the remaining items.

The flags -X and -D minimize extraneous information in the. Make a final check with the EpubCheck package see Related topics.

It is a Java program that can be run as a stand-alone tool or as a Web application, or you can integrate it into an application running under the Java Runtime Environment JRE version 1. Running it from the command line is simple.

Listing 12 provides an example. Sample errors from EpubCheck my-book. Do the stylesheets work properly? Are the sections actually in the correct logical order?

Does the book include all the expected content? Several EPUB readers are available that you can use for testing. Figure 1. ADE is not correctly rendering the title in a sans-serif font, though, which might be a problem with the CSS.

It's useful here to check in another reader. Figure 2. Knowledge of the quirks in individual reading software will be essential if exact formatting is important in your digital book.

Unlike the files produced by traditional word-processing programs, you can manage DocBook output with text-based version-control systems. This document is defined as type book and includes a preface, two chapters, and an inline image displayed on the title page. This image will be found in the same directory as the DocBook source file.

Create this file and the title page image yourself, or download samples from Downloadable resources. This example uses xsltproc, which is available on most UNIX-like systems. Listing 16 shows those three quick commands and the result of a pass through the EpubCheck validator. Figure 3 shows your creation in ADE. Figure 3. This last section demonstrates a sample Python program that completes the creation of a valid EPUB bundle.

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I show individual methods in the tutorial; you can get the complete docbook2epub. It provides not just XSLT 1. If you prefer a different library or use a different programming language than Python, these examples should be easy to adapt.

Listing 17 demonstrates this approach. XSLT etree. Copying the images and other resources into the archive DocBook XSL does nothing about any images that you might supply for use with your document; it only creates the metadata files and the rendered XHTML.

Because the EPUB specification requires that all resources be listed in the content. Parse the OPF content file to find any missing resources import os.

This takes two steps: adding the mimetype file as the first in the archive with no compression, then adding the remaining directories. Listing 20 shows the code for this process. The mimetype must be the first file in the archive and it must not be compressed.

Remember to validate. Summary The Python script in the previous section is just a first step in fully automating any kind of EPUB conversion. For the sake of brevity, it does not handle many common cases, such as arbitrarily nested paths, stylesheets, or embedded fonts. Ruby fans can look at dbtoepub, included in the DocBook XSL distribution, for a similar approach in that language. Because EPUB is a relatively young format, many useful conversion paths still await creation.The Language of Cybersecurity introduces the world of cybersecurity through the terminology that defines the field.

Thus a publication may offer the reader different ways of navigating it. Philosophical digression section2 Every article on electronic books must ritually address the concept of book and the relation of form to book. Elliott White III.

Not in United States? Russell J. I show individual methods in the tutorial; you can get the complete docbook2epub. Listing 6. This is the OPF file, though additional alternative rootfile elements are allowed.

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