SYNFIG TUTORIAL PDF
Render options · Render Dialog · SVG export. Configuring Synfig Pages in category "Manual". The following 54 pages are in this category. Hello Synfig Community. This is the second time i write this post, because the first time the moderators must have deleted it (I'm a new user. Synfig Studio. Initial Alpha Test Documentation and Tutorial. About the user interface. When you start Synfig Studio, it will display a splash graphic and boot itself.
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Synfig Studio Manual - Download as PDF File .pdf), Text File .txt) or read online. Manual of Synfig Studio, a software for 2d animation and motion graphics. synfig-core - contains the render engine and core/command-line tool (cli). • synfig -studio . following a tutorial, such as this one. Ways to. Synfig Studio is a time based multimedia authoring tool that falls in the Studio ( or simply Synfig) is 2D vector animation software released in under the.
Leave the animate editing mode by clicking on the red dot in the timeline editing widget. If you're now seeing a red circle moving from the left to the right and back. Change the filename to "BasicKnightRider. DONE Then you are done and can view your animated gif using Firefox or another program as mentioned above.
Let's try the first way. Rendering your animation Before you can see your animation. Firefox will replay the GIF all the time which makes your short animation a rather long one. Other possibilities include its size. Conclusion Of course.
Synfig comes with several example files that should let you dig deeper into the possibilities. Adding Layers. Synfig's layers are different from layers in other programs in at least two aspects: Pick the Gradient Tool from the Toolbox. There's no need to bother with a timeline at this point. Combining layers So let's look at a simple example of how we can combine two layers to create a gradient effect on a rectangle.
The up to down layer combination allows you to use upper layers to change the behavior or look of underlying layers. They are similar to layers used in other drawing applications in that they are used to separate different elements of an image.
There are not layers of multiple primitives or multiple effects. Adding Layers Introduction In the previous tutorial. Every object. Synfig uses layers. Create a new file with 0 duration.
To do so. This is nothing special. Those are called effect layers or filter layers. Understanding the concept of layers is an important part in understanding how Synfig works. You should note that another layer was added in the Layers Panel called Gradient. These simple types. By clicking on the arrow you can expand the inline canvas to see its contents. The goal was to have a gradient in the rectangle. If you want to change the name of it to something more descriptive.
Double-click the entry and select "Onto" from the drop-down menu. You can treat this layer like any other layer — move it around. The view of your Layers Panel should change now. Now go to the Params Panel by default it resides in the bottom window.
You now have a gradient. To fix that pick the Transform Tool. In the Layers Panel. You need to grab the one you see and move it a bit until a gradient appears.
Then you just edit it in place. Note If you see no gradient but just a plain color. You can do this for ANY layer. Using locality However. But lots of programs can do this.
Using layers to modify other layers Make sure you have the Inline Canvas layer selected and create two red circles. The gradient should now be restricted to the rectangle. The concept of scope as just demonstrated sets Synfig apart from other programs with layer hierarchies. Select the Inline Canvas layer and use the "Raise Layer" button in the Layers Panel to place it on top of the circles.
Now our inline canvas layer with rectangle and gradient is in front of those two circles. Let's try it. The key point is that a layer can only modify the data that it gets from directly below it. You just made your first effect by interacting layers with Synfig. If only for the additional organization. They will appear on top of the Inline Canvas. Inside of the "New Layer" menu. It is doing this because the blend method of the blur defaulted to "Composite" you can change the default blend method for new layers from the New Layer..
Expand the inline canvas to show its contents. The first item in that popup is "New Layer". Create another circle filled with a black color.
This is where we want to insert the new layer. The black circle layer will be created over the gradient layer inside the inline canvas. What we want is a blend method of "Straight". You can use this to add new attributes to your objects. Defaults section of the Toolbox. Let's continue digging further on shapes creation.
This is because the effect of the Blur Layer over the underlying layers is limited to the scope of the Inline Canvas because the Blur layer is inside it. Synfig will take care of interpolating the steps in between. And just like other. This technique is used for the creation of Cut-out Animation..
Combine this with the lesson learned in the last tutorial and you will obtain a rotating effect. Digging further. Just select the blur layer. Several of them sound rather unusual. Note In the Synfig version "0. While you are placing a vertex. BLine Tool In Synfig. This is normal. Make sure that only "Create Region BLine". Creating Shapes Introduction Basic primitives such as circles or rectangles are all great. Keep in mind. Do this over and over. Keep in mind that if you want to insert a shape somewhere.
If you want to remove a. Anything you create with the BLine Tool will be inserted above the currently selected layer. This will reset us back to the default black and white. What about creating more complex shapes? To do this. This is roughly analogous to a "path" in other programs. Clicking with your mouse in the canvas will place vertices. After you switched to BLine tool. When you click on the BLine Tool. Want to insert a point somewhere? Right click on the segment where you want to insert something and hit "Insert item smart ".
Want to split the tangents? Right click on the tangent and hit "Split Tangents". One quick thing to mention before I finish up. And yes. You can change the width of an outline at each vertex. Switch to another tool. To show them. Repeat to hide them again. When you are finished placing vertices. This may appear to be leading to a mess of layers. Press the "Create" button at the bottom of the Tool Options Panel it's the icon that looks like a gear.
But there is a way to make this more sane. Want to loop the BLine? Right click on the first vertex and select "Loop BLine". Just click on one of the layers and have at it. Despite the fact that they are two separate layers. You do this by selecting the outline layer NOTE: As mentioned in the previous tutorial. For now. If you want to manipulate the vertices after you have created the layers. Editing BLines Ok. By default. If you want to remove a vertex.
You can also see other things to mask via the Canvas Menu Caret: Notice the new outline layer created in the Layers Panel. Start drawing a line from the left border to the middle of the canvas. Point your stylus at the last duck of your new BLine and continue drawing to the right border of the canvas. Synfig Studio supports pressure sensitivity. Set the default line width value to be big enough — say.
Stop near the center of the canvas. In the Input dialog find your tablet's stylus device and set its mode to "Screen". Now grab your stylus. Click "Save" and then "Close". Try to vary your stylus pressure while you are drawing. That's why if you set those options with your mouse device they will not have any effect when you switch to stylus. This is your first line.. Synfig Studio remembers settings for each input device independently.
There's still only one outline layer. Now let's draw some thing like a curvy mountain background. Note Steps above should be done with the stylus of your tablet. In the Tool Options Panel.. Choose brown as the default fill color. When you finish. If brown ducks are in your way. Select the outline layer and press the "Raise Layer" button in the layers panel to put the outline layer on top of the region. Go ahead and add a few more lines on top of the filled area to give it a mountain-like look.
Back to our artwork. You can extend the BLine from both ends. Though your first line will remain selected and nothing stops you from extending it later. Extend a line from both sides down to the corners of the canvas to make the fill appear at the bottom. A region layer will appear at the top of the layer we are working with. In the Tool Panel hit the button with the bucket icon to fill the outline we just created. Studio is smart enough to figure out that you don't need a new outline layer and properly extends the last one.
If you don't want Width Ducks to be displayed. What about outline width? There is a Width Tool for that purpose. The trick about this tool is that it affects selected ducks only. Go for it and click the Smooth Move Tool button in the toolbox. This bug is fixed in the upcoming release 0. The width of the outline will be increased at the places where you moved the cursor. Or just hit CtrlA to select all ducks. Press and hold your left mouse button in an empty place of the canvas.
Now you can deform the selected segments of BLines. If you want to decrease the width. Don't use Alt2 shortcut to turn off visibility of vertex ducks while you using Draw Tool. There are two solutions here. There's a bug that will cause Synfig Studio to hang. That will reduce the count of vertices produced at drawing time. You can change the size of the influence area by tweaking "Radius" in the Tool Options Panel. Release the mouse button when you are done. Drag to create a selection box.
Draw tool is great for drawing complex shapes. Don't use Alt5 shortcut to turn off visibility of width ducks while you using Width Tool. Click the Width Tool button in the toolbox. It is designed for increasing or decreasing the width of a line much like you would with a pencil on paper.
Now you are ready for the last tutorial in this section. Hang on! Creating geometric primitive as BLine gives you a better control over it's shape and look. Other ways to create BLines Is that all? Not yet. You can use Circle. Star and Polygon tools to create BLines too. If you already have Synfig Studio started.
Now that the trace of the form is closed. Animating Shapes Basic settings In this tutorial we will learn how to create a simple animation of a growing flower using BLines. You can tweak the tangent handles red dots a bit to make a rounder triangle. We're done with the basic settings. Select the Gradient Tool and drag your cursor vertically across the canvas to fill it with the gradient. This will be the base of the stem. In the toolbox. To close the shape after drawing the 3 vertices.
You can also directly edit the gradient by clicking the gradient line in the toolbox.
Draw a kind of triangle with the BLine tool. With the Transform Tool. Start Synfig Studio — a new animation will be created.
Click on the outline and fill colors in the toolbox to select the colors our gradient will have. Press the green circle at the bottom right of the canvas or whatever icon you have there. Right click on those new points and choose "Split Tangents". Do the same on the other side of the stem. While you are still at "4. You can play with the vertex handles to bend the shape a bit if you want.
Then try to make a shape that looks like the one on the image. Keyframes allow us to settle down the scene. Click at the beginning of the timetrack "0f". Click again on the timetrack. Animate the stem In the Canvas Menu. Go to the Time tab. Note Due to a bug introduced in 0. You'll see that each parameter in the Params Panel matches a row in the Timetrack Panel. Now if you click on "2s" for example.
You have to move the time cursor to 0f and right click each vertex and select "Set Active Point Off". Click on the small arrow on the left to unfold the list. Click on "3. The last parameter is the vertices list. You should see something like this: Each big green dot or waypoint stands for a recorded value here the vertices positions were recorded at 0f with the keyframe.
Let's say we want the bud to appear only at 3. Now take a look at the "Params" and "Timetrack" panels at the bottom. Then drag the green duck very close to the top of the bud.
User Manual Synfig Studio 0.62
You can watch a preview of your animation: Right-click on them in the params list. Note Previews are often pixelated and blurry. Make sure you're still in Animate Edit Mode. Select all the vertices of the petal with CtrlA and move them close to the green duck with the Transform Tool. You'll notice that the green duck that allows easy movement of a shape is at the center of the canvas. The panel should now look like this. Adding the petals Now leave the "Animate Editing Mode" by clicking on the red circle at the right bottom of the canvas.
Hit CtrlA again to select all vertices of. Change the fill color to pink. Higher quality previews are obtainable by using higher values for 'Zoom' and 'Frames per second' in the preview dialog window. The animation of the stem is now finished. For example if you click on "2s" or even "3s" now. It starts to appear only a little after 3. If you go back to the first keyframe.
Now click on the vertex at the top of the stem and ctrl-click on the green duck of the petal both should appear in a lighter color. Now that there's a link between the petal and the top of the stem. Note that the duplicated petals are also linked to the stem. Repeat the process several time. But if we will go to "4s" and modify them.
The petal will move a bit as the green duck is snapped on the stem vertex. Click on the petal to select it. We want the petals to appear and bloom almost at the end of the growth. Hiding the petals Let's say we want the petals to appear a little after 4 seconds in the animation.
On the Layers Panel.
Switch to "Animate Editing Mode" again by clicking on the green circle at the bottom right of the canvas. Both objects should be selected. Don't move the green duck. On the canvas. Then right-click on the stem top vertex. We don't want that. And if the green duck of the petal moves. We could either make the petals tiny and hidden tweaking their size on every frame from 0s to 4s. Let's choose the second solution. With all the petal layers selected.
You can rename the layers to make things more understandable. Now click on "4s". Note that two waypoints were added in front of the "Amount" parameter. The petals are now invisible on that keyframe. On the timetrack. That makes the problem — the petals are still visible from the first keyframe to the 4s keyframe. In the Param tabs.
On the Keyframes Panel. To make things easier. Drag the 5s waypoint to 4s. That means that we need a keyframe at "5s". But notice that we have a keyframe at 0s which also remembers petals shape.
Select the "Petals" inline canvas and jump to the first keyframe. From 4s to 5s. Scale them down with the Scale Tool. So from 0f to 4s the Amount value will be equal to 0. A new dialog will appear.
Select any format you want. The petals are hidden until 4 seconds. Notice how half of the waypoint changes from a green circle meaning smooth animation of the amount parameter to a red step meaning that the amount parameter is suddenly stepped. There are two techniques for that: Morphing animation Cutout animation Morphing is a technique that takes two images and creates a smooth transition between them.
In the process of transition one shape is deformed into another and this transformation is usually defined by control points. In Synfig Studio images constructed from vector shapes and the morphing is done in automatic way. That allows to create animation by drawing only key positions at relatively wide time intervals. You can draw as many frames as he need to create basic sense of motion for the scene and Synfig Studio takes responsibility to create in-between frames.
Cutout animation is created by splitting objects into parts and applying some simple transformations to them like translation, rotation or scale at different moments of time. Synfig Studio uses those values to interpolate the motion for in-between frames.
Cutout animation can be produced from bitmap images or vector graphics. In both cases the role of Synfig Studio is to fill the gaps between the drawn frames also called "keyframes" and produce smooth and fluid animation.
This process is called "tweening". But tweening is not the only advantage of Synfig Studio. Although Synfig Studio is not directly intended to draw animation frame-by-frame, it can be used to bring your hand-drawn frame-by-frame animation to the film-quality level by converting bitmap data of each frame into vector format. This process is called "tracing" and usually done by hand by constructing vector shapes on top of bitmap image. In the process of construction you can apply a lot of fascinating effects built into Synfig Studio to achieve a professional look for your animations.
Whether you do frame-by frame animation or not, Synfig Studio gives you flexible control over the repeated data, such as colors, outline characteristics, textures, images and many more - even animation trajectories and their sets actions. Reusing repeated data is achieved via linking.
This is a power of Synfig Studio, which is especially important for big animation projects. Among the plain linking pieces of artwork data you can also define relations between them using a set of functions.
That allows to create automatic animation based on the defined laws and bring whole animation process to the new level. All those features of Synfig Studio are covered in detail in the chapters of this manual.
It contains system menu and buttons, tools and more to create and edit your artwork. Closing it exits the application. Canvas displays your artwork and animation. Panels contain tools and information about certain elements of your project. Some panels will allow you to modify those elements. Note Synfig Studio can be reset to its default window arrangement as shown in the screenshot. The center window is the Canvas Window.
A new Canvas Window appears each time Synfig Studio starts. The window represents the Root Canvas, not that it means much to you at the moment, but that's OK we're just trying to show you around. In the upper left corner of the Canvas Window, you'll see a button with a caret. If you click on this caret button, the canvas window menu will pop up.
If you right-click in the canvas area and there is no Layer under the mouse position, this menu will also appear. So now you know where the most important canvas menu is. The other two windows one on the bottom, and one to the right are customizable dock dialogs. Each dock dialog contains a set of panels, arranged horizontally or vertically.
Some panels share the same space inside the dock dialog and you can switch between them by clicking on their tabs. You can rearrange the contents of dock dialogs as you wish by dragging the panel tab to where you want it. You can even create a new dock dialog by dragging a tab out of its dock dialog. If you accidentally close a panel by dragging it out of the dock dialog, and closing the new dock dialog that gets created , no worries. Simply go to the Toolbox, select "File Panels" in menu right there and then click on the name of the panel you need.
The most important panels are: Layers Panel shows you the hierarchy of the layer of your working canvas. It also allows you to manipulate these layers. Params Panel shows you the parameters of the layer currently selected. When multiple layers are selected, only the parameters that the selected layers have in common are displayed. Tool Options Panel shows you any options specific to the currently selected tool.
Navigator shows a thumbnail image of what the currently selected canvas looks like. You can also zoom in and move the focus around with this panel. History Panel shows you the history stack for the current composition. You can also edit the actions in history. There are also many other panels in Synfig Studio. If you have no idea what a panel does, simply hold your mouse over its icon and a tooltip will pop up describing its function. Under the hood Synfig Studio, like most every other competent graphics program, breaks down individual elements of a canvas into layers.
However, it differs from other programs in two major ways: 1. An individual layer in Synfig usually represents a single "Primitive". This allows you to have a great deal of flexibility and control. It is not uncommon for a composition to have hundreds of layers organized into a hierarchy for the artist's sanity of course.
Each layer has a set of parameters which determine how it behaves. When you click on a layer either in the Canvas Window, or in the illustrated Layers Panel , you will see its parameters in the Params Panel. First steps Let's create something fun so that we can play with it! First, go over to the toolbox and click on the Circle Tool if you don't know which one it is, just mouse over them until you find the one with the tooltip that says "Circle Tool".
But we'll get to that later. With the Circle Tool selected, you can now create circles in the Canvas Window. This works as you might expect click on the canvas, drag to change length of the radius, and release the mouse button when you are done.
Go ahead and create two circles or more, if you fancy. If you accidentally release the mouse button before dragging, you end up creating a circle with 0 radius and it is effectively invisible! No need to worry, you can easily fix this.
In the Params Panel, you can change the parameters of the selected object. If you just made a 0 radius circle, it should be the current selected object. You can change its radius to some value other than 0, say 10, and manipulate it to your liking with the canvas ducks later. Note Some users might experience the following problem: when you click and drag on the canvas using the Circle Tool, either nothing seems to happen or you end up making insanely huge circles.
To fix this go to "File Input Devices" and disable all the devices you can find there. If you have an extended input device that you want to use, such as a pressure-sensitive pen, then enable it in this screen. After this change Synfig will work as expected.
Now go back to the toolbox and click on the Transform Tool the button with the arrow on it. After you do this, click on one of your circles.
You will see a "bounding box" which is kind of useless at this point in time, but I digress , a green dot at the center, and a cyan dot on the radius. Those dots are called "ducks". If you want to modify the circle, grab a duck and drag it around. You can select a Layer by clicking on it. If you want to select more than one layer, hold down Ctrl key while you are clicking this works in both the Canvas Window and the Layers Panel.
Try it! You can also select multiple ducks. You can do this in several ways. First, you can hold down Ctrl and individually click the ducks that you want selected, but this can be tedious. However, there is a much faster method just create a selection box by clicking the mouse and dragging it over the area of ducks that you want selected. Go ahead, select two circles and select all of their ducks. With several ducks selected, moving one duck will move all of the ducks.
Note Synfig Studio has an autorecovery feature. If it crashes, even if the current file has not been saved, you will not lose more than 5 minutes of work.
At restart it will automatically prompt to recover the unsaved changes. Unfortunately history isn't recovered yet. The rotate and scale tools work much like the Transform Tool, except in the case where you have multiple ducks selected. It is much easier just to try, than read about it. Select a few circles, select all of their ducks, and try using the rotate and scale tools. Note that duck manipulation tools have options associated with them.
If a particular tool isn't doing what you want, take a look at the Tool Options Panel to see if it is set up the way you want. The biggest reason for this is that all of the color calculations are done in floating point to enable High-Dynamic-Range Imaging. However, some major re-implementations and optimizations are planned to be made that should quite dramatically improve the performance of Synfig on all platforms.
Currently there is a work in progress in development branch implementing those optimization via OpenGL. It already shows very promising results, but is not ready for usage yet. Linking Now let's try linking. Suppose we always want these two circles to be the same size. Select two circles, and then select both of their radius ducks the cyan dots. To select multiple ducks, either drag a rectangle around them, or select the first one, then hold the Ctrl key while selecting the rest.
Once you have the two radius ducks selected, right click on either duck and a menu will pop up. Select "Link". The parameters are linked together. You can prove it to yourself by selecting just one of the circles and changing its radius the other one will change as well.
Neat stuff, eh? This is how outlines are attached to their regions but I'm getting ahead of myself. Linking is a fundamental concept in Synfig. You can create links not only between ducks, but also between parameters as well by selecting multiple layers, right clicking on the parameter in the Params panel, and selecting "Link".
Color selection Let's say you want one of the circles to be a different color. Now you can change the color pretty easily. But sometimes you just want to click on a color and go. This is where the palette editor tab comes in. Click on the Palette Editor panel tab and have a look it's the one with the palette-ish looking icon. Clicking on colors with the left mouse button will immediately change the default outline color and clicking with the middle mouse button will change fill color.
That's all great, but we still haven't changed the color of the circle. There are three ways to do this. The first is to click on the "Fill Tool" from the toolbox, and then click on the circle in the Canvas Window. Circle changes color. This works with more than just circles. Also, you can select the circle layer you want to modify, go to the Params panel, right-click on the Color parameter and select "Apply Fill Color" or "Apply Outline Color" at you preference. Or simply double-click on the "Color" parameter - a color selector dialog will show up, and you can just tweak away.
Try playing around with the circles for a bit. Muck around with the parameters, and see what happens. To get you started, try out to set the Feather Parameter to 5.
Digging deeper Of course, so far you just found out how to use the basic features of Synfig Studio but not how you animate a drawing. This is covered in the next section. It basically means to change a drawing you just need to create the first stage and last stage of a change, and Synfig takes care of the steps in between. Let's look at a simple example. Consider a moving light like the one at the front of the Knight Rider car.
Drop the realism, you get a circle moving from left to right and back. In other words, you need to create three 'steps' or 'stages': 1. The circle is on the left. The circle is on the right. The circle is back on the left. Setting up the workspace Let's do it.
Start Synfig Studio. New file is automatically created at the start. Click the 'caret' menu between the horizontal and vertical rules, in the top left hand corner of the canvas , then select "Edit Properties". The Canvas Properties Dialog will appear. Give a name and description for your canvas, then click "Apply" don't click "OK" yet we're not quite done with the Properties dialog.
Go to the "Time" tab and make sure to edit "End Time". Change "5s" to "2s" that will make our animation 2 seconds long. Canvas Properties Dialog Now click "OK", select the Rectangle Tool and create a simple black rectangle that will serve as our background.
It's not necessary to make it cover the whole canvas. Now we need a circle. Change the fill color to red, select the Circle Tool and create a circle. It doesn't matter if it's not perfect: You can edit it. Select the Transform Tool and click the circle. It will go into an editing mode which is easy to detect by the small green dot in the middle and the white rectangle around it.
You can move the circle by grabbing it on its green dot the Origin in the middle. These are the first steps to draw an object and to move it, but not an animation yet, you may say.
Let's have a look how this works. Adding movement In the beginning, you entered a value of 2 seconds in the Properties dialog. Because the length of your animation is non-zero, your canvas window the one where you draw has a grey time slider at the bottom, the Timebar. You can click on it, and a small orange indicator will appear indicating your position in time. Try clicking in several places on the time slider and notice that the entry field on the left of the time slider is changing its values to something like "12f", "1s 15f", etc.
You can set your position on the time slider by changing values in that field. For example, if you enter "1s" and press Enter, the orange indicator will move in the middle of the time slider, and entering "2s" will move it to the end of the time slider. Note At 2s the orange indicator won't be visible.
That's because "2s" is at the far right boundary of the time slider, putting the indicator out of view. You may notice that nothing changes on the canvas at this point. Switch to Animate Editing Mode by clicking the green man button to the right of the gray time slider. The canvas will display a red outline; it reminds you that changes to your objects now affect your animation at the time shown in the time slider. In animate editing mode, every change to your objects creates a waypoint that associates the changes with the current time.
As you will see, Synfig can create smooth intermediate changes between waypoints, and you can even choose the way in which the intermediate changes take place. You will probably find it helpful to associate some or all of your waypoints with keyframes. Previously, three "steps" or "stages" were mentioned. These are represented by keyframes. Just in case you're familiar with video encoding: No, it's not the same! A keyframe is an image in time where something important happens with your objects.
Go to the Keyframes Panel click on the little tab with the small key icon in the bottom window to edit keyframes. Now press the small button with the "plus" sign and you should get a new entry in the list displaying "0f, 0f, JMP ". Now, go to the "1s" mark in the time slider. The small orange indicator should move there. Then add another keyframe by clicking the small plus sign. Repeat the process with the time slider indicator set to "2s" it's at the end of your animation.
You should now have three keyframes in the list. The s's and f's: Understanding the Timeline By now, you may have figured out what those mysterious "1s 10f"-type marks represent.
They indicate a specific point on the timeline, expressing a location in terms of seconds s and frames f. By default each second is divided into 24 frames, much like a meter on a measuring tape is divided into centimeters.
The frame markings begin at zero 0 and go up to 24, whereupon a new second is entered and the framecount returns to zero. For example, when five whole seconds and three frames have passed, using this timeline notation would be "5s 3f". It displays "Time" which is basically the start time, "Length" which is self-explanatory, "Jump" which we'll cover next, and "Description" which is, again, self-explanatory.
Now, you might be wondering about the entries called " JMP ". In fact, these are links just like web links: click them, and the indicator in your time slider will jump to the correct time.
You can use this to edit your image for a given moment in time. For instance, you can now jump to the first second, and move the red circle to the right. You made your first movement, your first animation with Synfig! Wondering where the animation is? Just click to an arbitrary position on the time slider: You will note that the red circle is in a new position, one that you didn't specify!
So what happened? Synfig figured out what you would like to do, namely move the circle, and drew all the images between these states. Each image will later make a frame in your animation and the circle will appear to be moving.
Note that you don't need to go to the last keyframe at "2s" and move your circle back to the left. Keyframes make Synfig remember the image states at particular times. That's why when we modified the circle's position at "1s", it stayed on the left at "2s" as well as at "0s". If you switch back to the Params Panel, and look at the Time Track Panel you will see that three orange diamonds or green dots in previous versions of synfig appeared on the right of the "Origin" parameter.
Those are called Waypoints, and they represent times at which object's parameters, like location or color, are instructed to take on specified new values.
Rendering your animation Before you can see your animation, you need to render your work. There are two ways to do so: using the Synfig Studio what you have been using so far or the command-line program called "synfig". Let's try the first way. Leave the animate editing mode by clicking on the red dot in the timeline editing widget, and save your file; for instance under the name "BasicKnightRider.
Then go to menu in the Canvas Window "caret" button in the upper left corner and select "File Render". Change the filename to "BasicKnightRider. Depending on your processor speed it should take a few moments, but finally the image window status bar located on the bottom of the window should say "File rendered successfully". Open BasicKnightRider. However, Firefox will replay the GIF all the time which makes your short animation a rather long one.
If you're now seeing a red circle moving from the left to the right and back, congratulations! You just made your first animation! Note You can also preview your animation. Press the "caret" menu button in the upper left corner of the Canvas Window and choose "File Preview". If you would rather use the command line instead of the menu to render your animation, then open a terminal on Windows, go to "Start Run", type "cmd" and press Enter , change to the directory you saved the file in, and type something like this: synfig -t gif BasicKnightRider.
Depending on your processor speed it should take a few moments, but finally a line like this will appear: BasicKnightRider. Conclusion Of course, the position of an object is not the only thing you can change with Synfig Studio. Other possibilities include its size, its outline, its color, etc.
Synfig comes with several example files that should let you dig deeper into the possibilities. Now, let's continue with the next manual chapter: Adding Layers Adding Layers In the previous tutorial, you made your first simple animation by changing the attributes of primitive objects, such as: position, color, and size. These simple types, however, are seldom sufficient to create advanced characters and objects. To do so, Synfig uses layers. They are similar to layers used in other drawing applications in that they are used to separate different elements of an image.
However, Synfig's layers are different from layers in other programs in at least two aspects: 1. Every object, element, and effect gets its own layer. There are not layers of multiple primitives or multiple effects. The up to down layer combination allows you to use upper layers to change the behavior or look of underlying layers. Those are called effect layers or filter layers. As you will see, layers are an extremely important aspect of Synfig, much more so than most graphics programs.
Understanding the concept of layers is an important part in understanding how Synfig works. Combining layers So let's look at a simple example of how we can combine two layers to create a gradient effect on a rectangle. Create a new file with 0 duration.
There's no need to bother with a timeline at this point. Next, create a simple rectangle with the Rectangle Tool. Pick the Gradient Tool from the Toolbox, press the left mouse button on the canvas, drag to change the gradient direction and release the button when you are done.
You should note that another layer was added in the Layers Panel called Gradient. This is nothing special. Note If you see no gradient but just a plain color, that means that you probably just clicked on the canvas without dragging your mouse.
To fix that pick the Transform Tool, click into the canvas to activate the gradient's ducks. You need to grab the one you see and move it a bit until a gradient appears.
You now have a gradient, but it is not what you wanted: it spreads across the whole canvas. The goal was to have a gradient in the rectangle. So, let's fix this now. In the Layers Panel, select both the gradient and the rectangle layer. Then, right-click and select "Encapsulate" from the menu. The view of your Layers Panel should change now, showing a small box called Inline Canvas with an arrow in front.
By clicking on the arrow you can expand the inline canvas to see its contents, your previous two layers: the gradient and the rectangle. You can treat this layer like any other layer move it around, duplicate it, copy and paste it. If you want to change the name of it to something more descriptive, just select the layer in the layer tab and click on its label.
Then you just edit it in place.Synfig Studio is a "tweenless" animation system designed to speed up the animation process by using sprites and digital tweening rather than adding to the illustration workload. The author's first impression was similar to that experienced when first starting Cinelerra , which was not exactly favourable! Now if you click on "2s" for example. This may appear to be leading to a mess of layers. So, let's fix this now. Try clicking in several places on the time slider and notice that the entry field on the left of the time slider is changing its values to something like "12f", "1s 15f", etc.