BUKU MICROSOFT EXCEL 2007.PDF
There have been many improvements in appearance, but Microsoft has in Excel has no new basic chart types, but there are now more. Curt Frye is a freelance writer and Microsoft Most Valuable Professional for Microsoft. Office Excel. He lives in Portland, Oregon, and is the. Send comments to [email protected] Microsoft, Microsoft Press, Access, ActiveX, Aero, Calibri, Constantia, Encarta, Excel, Groove.
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20170516094924_LN1-COMP6109-W1-R0.pdf - LECTURE NOTES...
Microsoft Word Microsoft terbaru dan terhebat, dengan peningkatan kompatibilitas besar. Unduh Microsoft Excel Unduh untuk Windows. Ulasan pengguna tentang Microsoft Excel Ulasan.
Hukum terkait penggunaan perangkat lunak ini berbeda di tiap negara. Kami tidak mendorong atau membenarkan penggunaan program ini jika melanggar hukum. Jangan tinggalkan unduhan Anda! Microsoft Excel Aplikasi spreadsheet pembunuh Microsoft.
Bantuan pengunduhan dan penginstalan. Alternatif gratis terbaik. Ulasan Anda untuk Microsoft Excel -. No thanks Submit review. Unduh sekarang. Tidak, terima kasih. You can find more information in Appendix C. References can be used in other worksheets and workbooks. Be careful not to reference a cell in a formula that already references that cell, because you will create a circular reference. See the section "What is a Circular Reference? The Connection Operator You can pass nonadjacent cells to a function for calculation by using a connection or union operator.
The connection operator is the comma ,. If you use the connection operator to pass several cells to a function, each cell reference that is separated from another by a comma is treated as a separate argument.
If you wanted to add the three ranges shown earlier in Figure , you would have to specify each cell group in the SUM function.
With the intersection operator the space , you define a reference to the cells shared by several different references. In other words, an intersection in Excel describes the values in the area where two or more ranges overlap. Figure Simple example of an intersection. In a formula or function, this intersection would look like this: B2:E11 C8:G The result of the intersection is called an explicit intersection. References in Formulas As mentioned at the beginning of this chapter, the use of constants in formulas defeats the purpose of a spreadsheet.
When you use constants, you have to change the formula each time a value changes. The content of a cell is handled through a cell reference. A reference tells Excel which cell contains the values used in a formula see Figure Figure Using cell references to multiply the day rate by days. When you enter references, make sure that the formula doesn't contain spaces. Note Formulas are not case sensitive. Excel converts all references from lowercase to uppercase if the syntax of the formula is correct.
If it is not, check your entry for syntax and typing errors. You will find it easier to enter cell references by selecting the cell or cell range you want to use rather than typing it.
PENGOLAH ANGKA: Microsoft Excel 2007
To enter a formula, perform the following steps: 1. Type the equal sign. Enter any function name, parenthesis, or other character with which a formula can begin. Select the cell or cell range you want to include in the formula as the cell reference. The selection is marked by a dashed line, and the cell reference appears in the formula.
Enter the operator or another part of the formula. Select other required cells or ranges. Repeat steps 2 through 5 until the formula is complete.
Press the Enter key to complete the formula. Cell references allow you to use all the advantages offered by a spreadsheet.
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You can create any number of calculation schemes and change a scheme to get different results. This means that you only have to create a calculation scheme once and can use it for similar calculations over and over again. In the table in Figure , you can change the values in columns B and C to immediately get the result in column D. Figure The formula containing cell references can be copied in the cells below.
Another advantage of using cell references in a formula is that you can copy the formula by dragging the fill handle down. In this way you create all of the required calculations within seconds, which would not be possible if you were using constants. The sample files are found in the Chapter03 folder on the companion website.
Relative References If you copy the formula shown in Figure by dragging the fill handle down, you get the correct result for each line. This is because Excel adjusts the references in the formula by using the current row number. However, this only works because the row number in the formula is relative. Consider a relative reference as the relation between two cells.
The relation—not the literal syntax of the reference—is copied. Absolute References An absolute reference is the counterpart to a relative reference. An absolute reference is a cell reference that doesn't change when it is copied or filled.
You use absolute references to anchor a reference in a formula to a particular cell. Assume that you want to calculate the sales tax for several net prices, and the sales tax rate is entered in a particular cell.
You need to be able to copy the formula you created see Figure Figure Initial situation with the formula in cell C4. The formula entered in cell C4 calculates the sales tax for the net price in cell B4. When you analyze the formula in cell C4, you'll see that the reference to the sales tax should not be changed.
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Now this cell reference won't change when copied or filled and is called an absolute reference in Excel. Mixed References Actually, you didn't need an absolute reference to copy the formula in the example shown in Figure Because you copied the formula in the same column, the column reference didn't have to be absolute.
This leads us to mixed references which are, as the name implies, a mix of relative and absolute references. Assume that you want to create a multiplication table. The calculation method to use is obvious. As you probably can guess, the formula doesn't have to be rewritten for each cell.
Figure A multiplication table as an example for using mixed references.
If you could lock the column or row reference, you could copy the formula created in cell B3 in the table shown in Figure to the cells below and to the right. The row reference for the values in column A has to remain relative so it can be adjusted when copied vertically. This way, the reference to the row is not changed when the formula is copied vertically, but the column references are adjusted when it is copied horizontally.
You will always get the correct results see Figure Figure The results are correct when mixed references are used. The basic principle is this: For a mixed reference, the part after the dollar sign is locked and cannot be changed when copied.Note The functions associated with names are not displayed in the Name box and in the Go To dialog box.
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There is also a Rules Manager, offering a much improved method of defining and managing the rules see Figure